Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 Highlights
Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011:
- First of its kind in Independent India
- Last caste Census happened in 1931
- This is the first time wherein the data will be captured directly on an electronic handheld device (a tablet PC)
Objectives & Utility:
- The data will help the government in targeting section of people for policy planning.
- After identifying the root cause of poverty with the help of this census, the government plans to use ongoing schemes such as National Housing Mission, National Rural Health Employment Guarantee Scheme and Indira Aawas Yojna to address the issues
- The government will use the caste census for better data on household growth.
- Enumeration in Rural Areas: Department of Rural Development (DoRD)
- Enumeration in Urban Areas: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA)
- Caste Census: Ministry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India
Highlights of Survey Results for Rural Households (Provisional Data):
- Total Households in the Country (Rural +Urban): 24.39 Crore
- Total Rural households: 17.91 Crore (73.5%)
- Only 5 percent had a salaried government job, and 3.57 percent had a salaried private sector job. That means over 90 percent of rural India is engaged in unsalaried work. Also the private sector is a smaller provider of jobs in rural India compared with the government.
- 51.14 percent or 9.16 crore people are engaged in manual casual labour
- Only 4.58 percent of households pay income tax or professional tax. The vast majority falls below the government’s tax slabs which is an indicator of the low levels of income overall.
- The highest earning member in 74.49 percent of households makes less than Rs 5,000 a month.
- 68.35 percent of all households own a mobile phone.
- 17.43 percent of all households own a two-wheeler.
- 25.63 percent of all households surveyed own cultivated land.
- Fewer than 10 per cent make it to higher secondary or above and just 3.41 per cent of households have a family member who is at least a graduate.
Source: The Hindu, Times of India & Huffingtonpost