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National Symbols of India     National Flag of India   Horizontal tricolour of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and... National Symbols of India – PDF Download

National Symbols of India

 

 

National Flag of India

 

Horizontal tricolour of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. In the centre is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra
State Emblem of India An adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka
National Anthem of India “Jana Gana Mana”
National Song of India “Vande Mataram”
National Calendar of India Calendar based on Saka Era
National Animal of India Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
National River of India River Ganga
National Heritage Animal of India Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)
National Aquatic Animal of India Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
National Bird of India Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus)
National Tree of India Indian banyan (Ficus bengalensis)
National Flower of India Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
National Fruit of India Mango (Mangifera indica)
 

 

Indian Rupee Symbol

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More Information about National Symbols of India

 

National Flag of India:

  • The Indian National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. In the centre is anavy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra
  • The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three
  • The top saffron colour indicates the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Ashok Chakra. The green shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land
  • The flag is based on the Swaraj flag designed byPingali Venkayya
  • The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947
  • Laws, conventions, practices and instructions pertaining to display of Indian National Flag are mentioned in Flag Code of India, 2002

 

 

State Emblem of India:

  • The state emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka
  • In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus
  • In the state emblem, adopted by the Government of India only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left and the outlines of other wheels on extreme right and left. The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted
  • This state emblem was adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950, the day India became arepublic
  • The use of the state emblem of India, as the official seal of the Government of India, is regulated by the State of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act, 2005

 

National Anthem of India

  • The National Anthem of India ‘Jana-gana-mana’, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
  • It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress
  • The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem
  • Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions

 

National Song of India:

  • The first two verses ofsong “Vande Mataram”, composed in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National song of India in 1950
  • “Vande Mataram” was first sung during the 1896 session of theIndian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore
  • The song was a part of Bankimchandra’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882)

 

 

National Calendar of India:

  • The national calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitraas its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for the official purposes viz. (i) Gazette of India (ii) News broadcast by All India Radio (iii) Calendars issued by the Government of India and (iv) Government communications addressed to the members of the public
  • Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitrafalling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year

 

Indian Rupee Symbol:

  • The Indian Rupee symbol is an amalgam of Devanagari “Ra” and the Roman Capital “R” with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the “equal to” sign
  • The Indian Rupee sign was adopted by the Government of India on 15thJuly, 2010
  • The symbol, conceptualised and designed by Udaya Kumar, a post graduate in Design from Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, has been chosen from thousands of concept entries received by the Ministry of Finance through an open competition among resident Indian nationals

 

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