National Health Profile 2015
Released by: Minister of Health & Family Welfare
Current Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare: Mr. J.P.Nadda
Prepared by: Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI)
Frequency: Every year since 2005
Coverage: 6 indicators viz. Demographic, socio-economic, health status and health finance indicators, along with comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health sector.
Utility: Enables the policymakers to make evidence-based policies and aids effective implementation of various schemes
Highlights of National Health Profile 2015
Public Expenditure on Health
- The Centre’s share of total public expenditure on health has fallen over the last two years, and India spends less of its GDP on health than some of the world’s poorest countries.
- Among all States, undivided Andhra Pradesh had the highest public expenditure on health in 2012-13.
- Goa and the north-eastern States spent the most on health per capita while Bihar and Jharkhand spent the least.
Private Expenditure on Health
- Private expenditure on health has risen steadily over the years, with the cost of medicines, followed by that of hospitalisation accounting for the largest share of the household expenditure.
- Kerala spends the most privately on health.
Availability of Government Hospitals in India
- Every government hospital serves an estimated 61,000 people in India, with one bed for every 1833 people.
- In undivided Andhra Pradesh, every government hospital serves over 3 lakh patients while in Bihar; there is only one bed for every 8800 people.
Availability of Doctors in India
- Every government allopathic doctor serves a population of over 11,000 people, with Bihar and Maharashtra having the worst ratios. The number of qualified allopathic doctors registered with medical councils fell in 2014 to 16,000, or less than half the previous year’s number (provisional data)
- India now has cumulatively 9.4 lakh allopathic doctors, 1.54 lakh dental surgeons, and 7.37 lakh AYUSH doctors (more than half are Ayurvedic doctors).
- India’s 400 medical colleges admit an estimated 47,000 students annually.
- Deaths from most communicable diseases have been falling steadily in India.
- Despite recording over 10 lakh cases, deaths from malaria are officially down to just over 500 annually; Odisha accounted for over one in three cases of malaria in 2014.
- The number of recorded chikungunya cases has fallen since a 2010 outbreak, but Maharashtra accounts for nearly half of all cases.
- Just over 40,000 cases of dengue were officially reported in 2014 and 131 deaths.
- While the number of cases of Acute Diarrhoeal Disease has risen every year to 1.16 crore in 2014, mortality from the disease has been steadily declining.
- However, 2014 saw a sharp spike in cases and deaths due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, a disease concentrated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, and West Bengal.
- Japanese Encephalitis concentrated in Assam and Uttar Pradesh also rose last year.
- Pulmonary tuberculosis remains the biggest communicable disease killer in India, accounting for over 63,000 deaths in 2014.
Non –Communicable diseases
- Non-communicable diseases are on the rise with cardiovascular diseases according for a quarter of deaths from non-communicable diseases and cancer accounting for six per cent.
Several objective type MCQs can be framed from above data.
Source: mohfw.nic.in, pib.nic.in, The Hindu