5 Facts about Mangalyaan every Indian should know
Friends, hereby we provide you 5 key facts about Mangalyaan that every Indian should know. As on 24th September 2015, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also called Mangalyaan has completed one year in Martian orbit.
On 5th November 2013, Mangalyaan was launched by Indian Space Research organisation (ISRO) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota Range SHAR), Andhra Pradesh using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
Mangalyaan was successfully inserted in Mars Orbit on 24th September 2014
With the successful insertion of Mangalyaan in Mars Orbit, ISRO became the 4th Space Agency to reach Mars. NASA, European Space Agency & Russian Space Programme are the other entities to have achieved this feat earlier.
Mangalyaan is India’s first inter-planetary space probe. It made global history as India became the first country to successfully reach the Martian orbit in its debut attempt. European, American and Russian probes have managed to orbit or land on the planet, but after several attempts.
With a cost of $74 million, Mangalyaan is the least expensive Mars Mission to date. On a lighter note, the mission costs less than the Hollywood blockbuster ‘Gravity’, and as a consequence India has now set the benchmark for sub-$100 million inter-planetary travel. Also an interesting metaphor was given by PM Narendra “A one-km auto rickshaw ride in Ahmedabad takes Rs 10 and India reached Mars at Rs 7 per km which is really amazing.”
Mangalyaan has been a 100-per-cent success after it was injected into the Martian orbit, where it has already completed some 120 orbits. Some 350 stunning photos of the Red Planet have already been beamed back by the satellite. Made to last just six months, surprisingly it still has enough fuel left to last for more than a decade in the Martian orbit, subject to other parts surviving the radiation onslaught.
The truly ‘Made in India’ Mangalyaan mission opened the eyes of the world to the fact that India is indeed a serious space-faring and precision manufacturing nation. In fact, Mr. Modi has made MOM the unofficial mascot for the ‘Make in India’ initiative.
We hope you enjoyed reading these key facts about Mangalyaan.
Source : The Hindu, Times of India, Wikipedia